The Source Family

James Baker, aka Father Yod, was the spiritual leader of a cult that became known as the Source Family. Before James Baker turned into Father Yod, he was accused of murder twice and allegedly robbed several banks.

Some claim he robbed up to eleven banks and used the money from the robberies to fund the famous Source restaurant and several other establishments.

Baker went through several interesting stages in life; at the age of twelve he was crowned America’s strongest boy, he was a WWII Marine Corps veteran, after the war he became a Jujitsu expert, bodybuilder, killer, aspiring actor, drug addict, vegetarian and health promoter, and he eventually became a cult leader claiming to be God himself.

Justifiable Homicide

Baker killed two men on two separate occasions, not counting the people he killed during WWII. In 1955, Baker killed a guy who had attacked him with a knife. Baker killed the man with his bare hands by punching him in the throat several times. Baker was acquitted in that case.

In 1963 Baker killed the husband of TV-actress Jean Ingram. Ingram and Baker were having an affair. Ingram’s partner found out and went to Baker’s restaurant, carrying a gun. Baker disarmed him, gave him two punches to the throat and a bullet to the head.

At the trial in 1963, the coroner couldn’t say whether it was the two chops to the throat or the bullet through the head that killed him. They freed Baker after three months once it was determined that he acted in self-defense.

Out of Control

At age 43, Baker owned several restaurants and was making good money. The hippie lifestyle and the flower children came up in California, and Baker met a 19-year-old girl named Dora. He fell in love with her, and they partied together, taking different drugs; acid, speed, and marijuana. He wouldn’t sleep for days. He lost control of himself.

At night Baker would go to his restaurants and empty the cash registers, leaving the manager no money to open up in the morning. He was kicked out of his own restaurant by his investors, and Baker realized he had to change his ways and began looking for spiritual guidance, like so many others did in that period.

The Source Restaurant

On April 1st, 1969, Baker opened the Source restaurant, a former hamburger spot converted to a spiritual restaurant, serving organic and vegetarian food. The employees all wore white robes and gowns.

The place became hugely popular and had many customers from the “in crowd”. Celebrities like John Lennon, Warren Beatty and Marlon Brando were regular clients.

Baker became a legend in the Hollywood restaurant business. At its peak, the joint made $10,000 a day. According to several trade magazines, the Source was making more money per square foot than any other restaurant in the country. The employees were so tight-knit that they became like a family and, eventually, a cult.

In May 1970, Baker gave his first mediation class at the Source Restaurant. He quickly gathered a following and many of them started working at the Source, and the family grew bigger and bigger. Around this time, Baker became known as Father Yod.

The Mother House

In the early days of the Source restaurant, Baker and his girlfriend Robin lived in a loft above the restaurant, and the employees were scattered around, some sleeping in vans. Some had their own place. Baker and his employees became like a close family, and they decided to search for a place where the employees could all live together. They found a suitable mansion and named it the “Mother House”.

The group had a brutal morning routine, getting up around 4 a.m., taking a dip in the ice-cold swimming pool, followed by gymnastics. After breakfast, everyone would take a hit of the ‘sacred herb’. Smoking weed came with an instruction, “Instruct the fire of the sacred herb, pumping your stomach seven times and exhaling Yahowha. Roll your neck”. A member described the early morning hit of marijuana in that setting as taking a hit of LSD.

Becoming God

April 7, 1972. Family member Heaven, age 16, was pregnant and ready to deliver her baby. After 22 hours of labor, the situation became intense and things didn’t look good. The baby was finally born, but the umbilical cord was wrapped around his neck, and he wasn’t breathing.

According to several family members, Father Yod picked up the baby, got on his knees, and started praying. He took a deep breath and blew into the child’s mouth, and within a couple of seconds, the child came to life.

The Father House

After a year, the group, now consisting of about 140 members, had to leave the Mother house. The building belonged to the Chandler family, owners of the L.A. Times, and they decided not to renew the lease on the residence due to pressure from the neighbors who were uncomfortable living next-door to a cult, two years after the Manson murders. In fact, Mark Ross, a former Manson Family member, had joined the Source Family after the Manson group fell apart.

The group found a suitable home in the Hollywood Hills and christened the mansion the “Father House”. The family members changed their individual surnames to a joint surname; Aquarian.

God Has a Rock Band

Like many cult leaders, Father Yod wanted to be a rock star. Father Yod formed a band named Ya Ho Wha 13, a psychedelic rock band and recorded over 60 full-length albums. Most tracks were improvised and had a tribal sound. The crew performed at high schools to recruit new family members. Most of the albums were pressed in small batches of 500 copies and sold at the Source restaurant for $10 each. Today, the albums are highly sought after by collectors of the psychedelic genre.


In 1974, the family came under fire after one child was taken to the emergency room with an (easily treatable) staphylococcal infection. The kid was in terrible shape and could have died. Father Yod was against western medical care; instead, the group relied on herbs, prayer, and meditation. The clinic notified the police of suspected child endangerment.

Father Yod became paranoid and preached about nuclear war, Armageddon and the end of the world. He decided it was time to move. He sold the restaurant and moved the group to Hawaii. The local residents of the island were not happy with the group, memories of deadly cults such as the Manson Family and The People's Temple were still fresh in the collective memory.

Father Yod ran out of money quickly. He bought a fishing boat and a plane to spot fish, and after some hefty purchases, the group had little capital left. Several group members started seeking employment, but no one wanted to hire one of these Manson Family like types. They placed an article in a local newspaper about how the family members would eventually all go on welfare.

The locals turned against the family, and Father Yod prepared his people for a possible attack. One day, Father Yod had had enough of his guru role and told his followers that he had taught them everything he knew and that there was nothing left to learn. He encouraged his little birds to leave the nest.

One morning, the family had prepared breakfast containing “special” mushrooms. After breakfast, the group went for a walk and Father Yod told his disciples that he was not a god and that he was just a mere mortal. Some of his followers became disillusioned with him.


August 25, 1975. Several hours after a hang-gliding accident, Father Yod left his earthly body. Despite having no hang-gliding experience, he decided it would be a good idea to go hang-gliding without an instructor present. On their way to the beach, the group encountered a passerby, and Father Yod jokingly said, “Morituri te salutames!” which translates to, Those who are about to die salute you!

His first and last flight ended after he crashed onto a rocky beach and broke his back. His disciples carried him back to the house and started chanting and meditating. Someone suggested taking him to a hospital, but they aborted the plan after someone reminded the group that Father Yod was against hospitals. Father Yod died nine hours after he crashed. His disciples tried to continue together as a group, but without Father Yod’s leadership, the group fell apart after about two years.

Photos: Isis Aquarian archives